Regions

The combined MESSAGE-GLOBIOM framework has global coverage and divides the world into 11 regions which are also the native regions of the MESSAGE model (see Fig. 2 and Table 1 below). GLOBIOM natively operates at the level of 30 regions which in the linkage to MESSAGE are aggregated to the 11 regions as listed in Table 2.

../_images/MESSAGE_regions.png

Fig. 2 Map of 11 MESSAGE-GLOBIOM regions inclduing their aggregation to the four regions used in the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs).

The country definitions of the 11 MESSAGE regions are described in the table below (Table 1).

Table 1 Listing of 11 regions used in MESSAGE-GLOBIOM, including their country definitions.
11 MESSAGE regions Definition List of countries
NAM North America Canada, Guam, Puerto Rico, United States of America, Virgin Islands
WEU Western Europe Andorra, Austria, Azores, Belgium, Canary Islands, Channel Islands, Cyprus, Denmark, Faeroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madeira, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom |
PAO Pacific OECD Australia, Japan, New Zealand
EEU Central and Eastern Europe Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
FSU Former Soviet Union Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
CPA Centrally Planned Asia and China Cambodia, China (incl. Hong Kong), Korea (DPR), Laos (PDR), Mongolia, Viet Nam
SAS South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
PAS Other Pacific Asia American Samoa, Brunei Darussalam, Fiji, French Polynesia, Gilbert-Kiribati, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Papua, New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Western Samoa
MEA Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt (Arab Republic), Iraq, Iran (Islamic Republic), Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya/SPLAJ, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria (Arab Republic), Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
LAM Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guyana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Santa Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
AFR Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, British Indian Ocean Territory, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Cote d’Ivoire, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Saint Helena, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe |

In addition to the 11 geographical regions, in MESSAGE there is a global trade region where market clearing of global energy markets is happening and international shipping bunker fuel demand, uranium resource extraction and the nuclear fuel cycle are represented.

Table 2 Listing of 30 regions used in GLOBIOM, including their country definitions and the mapping to the 11 regions of the combined MESSAGE-GLOBIOM model.
11 MESSAGE regions 30 GLOBIOM regions List of countries
NAM Canada Canada
  USA United States of America
WEU EU_MidWest Austria, Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands
  EU_North Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Sweden, United Kingdom
  EU_South Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  ROWE Gibraltar, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland
  Turkey Turkey
PAO ANZ Australia, New Zealand
  Japan Japan
  Pacific_Islands Fiji Islands, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu
EEU EU_Baltic Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  EU_CentEast Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia
  RCEU Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia-Montenegro
FSU Former_USSR Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
CPA China China
  RSEA_PAC Cambodia, Korea DPR, Laos, Mongolia, Viet Nam
SAS India India
  RSAS Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
PAS South_Korea South Korea
  RSEA_OPA Brunei Daressalaam, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand
MEA MidEastNAfr Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
LAM Brazil Brazil
  Mexico Mexico
  RCAM Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Netherland Antilles, Panama, St Lucia, St Vincent, Trinidad and Tobago
  RSAM Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
AFR Congo_Basin Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon
  EasternAf Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda
  SouthAf South Africa
  RoSAfr Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  WestCentAfr Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Eritrea, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Togo